Saturday, October 22, 2011

Has (or can) the internet make pornography less misogynistic?

One of the best known viewpoints within feminism is opposition to pornography.  Many prominent feminists, including Andrea Dworkin, Catherine MacKinnon, Diana Russell, and Jill Riddington, oppose pornography on the grounds that its production involves exploitation and abuse of women, and that it sends misogynistic messages regarding sex.  However, their critiques do not apply to all visual or artistic portrayals of sex designed to titillate.  Indeed, some feminists explicitly differentiate between different explicit portrayals of sex for entertainment.  For instance, in her book Confronting Pornography, Jill Riddington writes “If the message is one that equates sex with domination, or with the infliction of pain, or one that denies sex as a means of human communication, the message is a pornographic one.... Erotica, in contrast, portrays mutual interaction.”  Thus, much material which would be defined colloquially as pornography is not defined as negative by those who accept anti-pornography feminist theories.  In this paper, I intend to show that much of the pornography proliferation seen on the internet is proliferation of material Riddington would define as erotica rather than pornography.  Further, by decentralizing the means of producing pornography, the internet has made pornography less exploitative.  By decentralizing the means of pornography production, the internet has enabled feminists and other marginalized communities to produce empowering yet titillating content, all the while decreasing incentives for abuse and exploitation.

One prominent critique of pornography stems from the assertion that performers are often abused and exploited during the production process.  In some cases, this involves violence against women, even in pornography which appears to be non-violent. For example, Linda Marchiano, who starred in the seemingly non-violent film Deep Throat, has written several books on the rape and abuse she suffered during that film’s production.  In 1983, a variety of porn actresses gave testimony on their own similar ordeals at hearings on a Minneapolis ordinance which would define pornography as a civil rights violation.  Such testimony indicates that at least some pornography involves violent abuse of women, which leads anti-pornography feminist legal scholar Catherine MacKinnon to write “before pornography became the pornographer’s speech it was somebody’s life” as a rejoinder to those who argue that pornography is protected as free speech (Russell, 43).  Further, even in cases where violence is not employed, professional pornography has elements of exploitation which become morally dubious.  Producers operate in a position of power over actors.  This workplace hierarchy, combined with financial pressures, blurs lines of consent, pressuring people to participate in sex they may not otherwise enjoy or be comfortable with.  Even from a sex positive feminist perspective, this is problematic, as it separates sex from consent, fulfillment, and pleasure, instead placing it in a context of hierarchy and economic pressure.

However, the internet has the potential to largely pornography away from hierarchical professional models of production.  “Amateur porn” has become more popular since the advent of the internet permitted anyone with a camera to produce and post pornography.  Many fans praise amateur porn for possessing superior realism compared to professionally produced pornography.  But more importantly for our purposes, amateur pornography is about the pleasure of the participants, rather than workplace hierarchies or economic incentives.  Indeed, the internet has permitted pornography to be made which focuses upon key parts of pleasure which are largely ignored by professional pornographers.  For instance, most professionally produced pornography focuses on pleasure for male target audiences, even adding unrealistic elements to lesbianism and female masturbation for the sake of men.  However, www.ifeelmyself.com features amateur videos and pictures of women engaging in masturbation.  By portraying female sexual pleasure as women actually experience it, www.ifeelmyself.com treats sexuality as providing pleasure in a mutual way rather than exploitative or hierarchical manner, and thus meets Jill Riddington’s definition of erotica rather than pornography.  However, regardless of the message sent by amateur pornography, when consensual it does not involve exploitation in anything resembling the way professional pornography does.
The internet may eventually permit pornography to be decentralized enough that hierarchical models of production are almost entirely abolished, replaced instead by various types of amateur porn.  As the internet has enabled people to produce and distribute pornography for free, the supply of pornography, including free pornography, will rise while demand remains constant, thus decreasing the average price people are willing to pay for pornography, potentially bringing it down to zero.  This dramatic increase in competition will decrease the amount of concentrated capital possessed by pornography production companies, and decrease the incentive to make porn for money.  Thus, exploitative models of pornography production could be entirely subsumed by amateur pornography, which we have demonstrated to present fewer problems from a feminist perspective.

It should be made clear that this has not happened yet.  Indeed, the internet currently is home to many large pornography companies.  For example, many pornography sites are run by Bang Bros, a production company founded in 2000 which currently operates 29 websites.  In the year 2007, the company generated 1.9 million dollars in sales revenue.  It is noteworthy that in spite of using a commercial production model rather than decentralized and voluntary amateur productions, Bang Bros advertises many of their sites as “amateur porn,” presumably to cash in on the superior realism often associated with amateur pornography.  This misrepresentation of commercial pornography as “amateur” has likely slowed down the diversification and decentralization of pornography that the internet enables.  In order to limit the commercial aspects of pornography, which introduce dubious power relations and exploitation, the internet’s full potential must be used to undermine commercial pornography’s profitability.  Such an approach would involve those who are comfortable doing so producing their own independent amateur pornography.  It could also involve violating intellectual property restrictions by distributing existing commercial pornography on image and file sharing sites.  This would undercut commercial pornography in the same way other proprietary content industries have had their profits undercut by internet piracy.  A combination of the two tactics would dissolve pornography production towards smaller scale production, with sexuality being recorded for the love and pleasure of sexuality, rather than to appeal to lucrative target audiences.

While many feminist arguments against pornography appeal primarily to exploitative working conditions, some are largely based on the notion that pornography sends misogynistic messages and promotes misogynistic behavior among viewers.  For instance, Riddington writes that pornography “equates sex with domination, or with the infliction of pain” and “denies sex as a means of human communication.”  Moreover, many feminists have argued that viewing pornography increases predilections towards sexual assault.  For example, in an article for the Yale Law Journal on the subject of sexual equality and law, Catherine MacKinnon expressed this position by stating:
In one study, one third of American men in the sample say they would rape a woman if assured they would not get caught.  The figure climbs following exposure to commonly available aggressive pornography.  Pornography, which sexualizes gender inequality, is a major institution of socialization into these roles.  The evidence suggests that women are targeted for intimate assault because the degradation and violation of women is eroticized, indeed defines the social meaning of female sexuality in societies of sex inequality.  Sexual assault thus becomes a definitive act of sexualized power and masculinity under male supremacy (MacKinnon, 1302-1303).

MacKinnon’s basic argument is that pornography eroticizes and glorifies acts of sexual assault, thus tying it intimately to how males see sexuality and implying that women are sexual objects open to assault.  This perspective is expounded upon empirically by Diana Russell in an article for the journal Political Psychology.  In this article, Russell cited a variety of studies which showed that men are surprisingly willing to commit sexual assault, and that this willingness increases when they are aroused (43-45).  Russell then described data on how often adult entertainment features aggressive or violent content, finding that one fifth of all sex episodes in erotic paperbacks involved rape or sexual assault, that less than 3% of the rapists in these books experienced negative consequences, and that in a sample of 150 pornographic home videos 19% of scenes featured violence or aggression, with the aggressors portrayed in a positive light 60% of the time (46-47).  Such empirical data bolstered Russell’s theory of pornography providing a social model for sexual assault, which is very similar to MacKinnon’s theory on this subject.  However, MacKinnon and Russell both wrote their articles before pornography became a primarily online phenomenon.

While the internet has dramatically increased the availability of pornography, sexual assault has declined.  According to the FBI, forcible rape has declined from 41.1 per 100,000 people in 1990 to 28.7 per 100,000 people, an all time low, in 2009.  If Russell and MacKinnon’s theories regarding how pornography can impact inclinations towards sexual assault are correct, this may indicate that porn has become less misogynistic in its message.  The diversification and proliferation of pornography online has made it difficult to gather statistics on how much internet porn portrays sexual assault in a positive light, or sends other misogynistic messages.  However, one trend which can be documented is a rise in porn which portrays female sexual pleasure in a positive light, and generally operates in line with feminist principles.  The example I typically refer back to is www.ifeelmyself.com, which portrays real women masturbating and experiencing pleasure and orgasms.  However, entire genres of feminist, alternative, and queer pornography have emerged to portray sexuality in both titillating and empowering ways.  Perhaps the best illustration of this is the emergence of the Feminist Porn Awards, issued each year by www.goodforher.com.  The award’s site states that “the world is inundated with cheesy, cliche, degrading, and patronizing porn” but also that “erotic fantasy is powerful” and “women and marginalized communities deserve to put their dreams and desires on film, too.”  Thus, the awards recognize porn which uses visual erotica not to degrade, marginalize, or exploit, but to portray sexuality in a manner which empowers women and the sexually marginalized.  Specifically, to be eligible for a Feminist Porn Award, a film must meet the following criteria:
1) A woman had a hand in the production, writing, direction, etc. of the work.
2) It depicts genuine female pleasure
3) It expands the boundaries of sexual representation on film and challenges stereotypes that are often found in mainstream porn. 
That the Feminist Porn Awards find so many eligible nominees each year indicates that pornography is being used for its positive potential.  It indicates that while some pornography may have the rape promoting messages described by MacKinnon and Russell, there is a growing genre of pornography which serves to expand sexual representation and benefit women and other marginalized groups.


This potential for pornography to be used for sexual liberation has been noted before, specifically by individualist feminist Wendy McElroy, the author of XXX: A Woman’s Right to Pornography.  In her book, McElroy argues that pornography benefits women both personally and politically.  One benefit she identifies is that “provides sexual information on at least three levels: it gives a panoramic view of the world's sexual possibilities; it allows women to ‘safely’ experience sexual alternatives; and, it provides a different form of information than can be found in textbooks or discussions.”  These purported benefits have all been enhanced by the internet fueled diversification of porn.  As pornography begins to be made for nearly every imaginable topic, and the means of pornography production are made available to women and other marginalized groups, the “panoramic view of the world’s sexual possibilities” expands to encompass many sexual topics which would normally be taboo in our puritanical society.  Similarly, because pornography has become more diverse online, the ability pornography grants women to “‘safely’ experience sexual alternatives” is expanded by the internet.

Ultimately, the internet has had several impacts on pornography, all of them positive from a feminist perspective.  It has provided a means to decrease exploitation, by decentralizing the means of pornography production, allowing people to produce amateur and cooperative pornography based upon pleasure rather than economic pressure.  This same decentralization has provided feminists and sexually marginalized communities with an outlet to develop their own pornography and erotica as an alternative to degrading and misogynistic pornography.  This decentralization also means pornography has diversified, thus permitting its beneficial and exploratory aspects to be applied to a broader and less confined range of sexuality. 




Works cited include, but are not limited to: 
Russell, Diana.   “Pornography and Rape: A Causal Model.”  Political Psychology  9.1 
(1988): 41-73

MacKinnon, Catherine.  “Reflections on Sex Equality Under Law.”  Yale Law Review 
            100.5 (1999): 1281-1328

McElroy, Wendy.  XXX: A Woman’s Right to Pornography. New York: St. Martin’s

I Feel Myself.  1 April 2011. Web.  1 April 2011.
           

Ridington, Jillian.  Confronting Pornography: A Feminist on the Front Lines
Vancouver, Canada: CRIAW/ICREF, 1989.  Print.




151 comments:

  1. this is just great. i took the liberty of translating it to portuguese, do you mind if i share the translation with fellow brazilian feminists?

    ReplyDelete
  2. I don't mind at all. I'm quite flattered that you think it's worth translating. I hope it helps further a productive feminist dialogue.

    ReplyDelete
  3. This was a fantastic read! Written very well, and very thorough. I'm going to direct as many people to this article as possible.

    ReplyDelete
  4. The people not reading your blogs are missing out a lot of quality contents.
    auto imports

    ReplyDelete
  5. These articles and blogs are genuinely sufficiency for me for a day.
    recipes for dinner

    ReplyDelete
  6. I like all details that you provide in your articles.
    Look for National Two Here

    ReplyDelete
  7. This blog post is really great; the standard stuff of the post is genuinely amazing
    Tips by W Terg

    ReplyDelete
  8. I would be flattened if all websites gave articles like that.
    Big Danee Tips

    ReplyDelete
  9. I would never like to fail out any chance to read out your listings.Get more info about Geo Spatialla

    ReplyDelete
  10. Thanks to share these details it’s truly nice. Welcome to Ai Worlds

    ReplyDelete
  11. It’s amazing in support of me to truly have a web site that is valuable meant for my knowledge.
    instant payday loans

    ReplyDelete
  12. Now this is in actual fact cooperative. It’s very openhanded of you to share this with us.
    online payday loan

    ReplyDelete
  13. Hey enormous stuff or pleasant information you are offering here. Relationship Issues With Bangkok Condos

    ReplyDelete
  14. I constantly emailed this site post page to all my friends, because if prefer to read it then my all friends will too.
    Relationship with Ligidium

    ReplyDelete
  15. You completely duplication our mean and the difference of our information.

    Relationship with Coloquioluso Brasileiro

    ReplyDelete
  16. Great job you people are doing with this website. Secure Amazon Streaming

    ReplyDelete
  17. I am very thankful to all your team for sharing such inspirational information.
    Relationship Tips by Mirador Uruguay

    ReplyDelete
  18. I have been gaining a lot of usable and exemplifying stuff in your website.
    Good Relationship With Web Farmacentrol

    ReplyDelete
  19. I have looked for so several posts about the blog lovers except this post is of course a nice one, keep on.
    Full Lide Tienda Article

    ReplyDelete
  20. Hey great stuff nice info your passing on
    mis sold ppi

    ReplyDelete
  21. While the admin of the web site is working, no question soon it will likely be famous, due to its feature blogs.
    Direct Mail Phoenix

    ReplyDelete
  22. I think I have never seen such blogs ever before that has complete things with all details which I want. So kindly update this ever for us.
    accident claim

    ReplyDelete
  23. I am sure you have a zealous fan stalking out there. ppi claims

    ReplyDelete
  24. I am sure you have a zealous fan stalking out there. ppi claims

    ReplyDelete
  25. Your contents force out your readers for commenting.
    mentholeliquid

    ReplyDelete
  26. Your articles don’t beat around the bushes exact t to the point.
    bestseliquids

    ReplyDelete
  27. Having seen your blogs, I really enjoyed going through them.
    PPI reClaim

    ReplyDelete
  28. Every week-end I used to pay a fast visit this site, because I’d like enjoyment, because this web site conations certainly fussy material. www.ppiclaimz.org

    ReplyDelete
  29. That’s a nice site you people are carrying out there. car ins

    ReplyDelete
  30. I never ever read such type of info before this was really incredible. Click for Wabash Valley Polevault

    ReplyDelete
  31. The caliber of information that you're offering is merely wonderful.
    web statics




    ReplyDelete
  32. Quality stuff may be the key to invite the users to visit begin to see the blog site, that’s what this site provides. payday advance

    ReplyDelete
  33. Great blog you people have maintained there, I totally appreciate the work.
    Advice by Actu Agence Referencement

    ReplyDelete
  34. I am sure you have a zealous fan stalking out there.
    Art Studio Haiti Love Tips

    ReplyDelete
  35. I’m flattened by your contents keep up the excellent work.
    click here

    ReplyDelete
  36. Quality stuff may be the key to invite the users to visit begin to see the blog site, that’s what this site provides.
    Ron1 Homepage

    ReplyDelete
  37. I am sure you have a great fan following out there.
    Welcome to Paker Pie

    ReplyDelete
  38. Quality stuff may be the key to invite the users to visit begin to see the blog site, that’s what this site provides.
    tutors in english

    ReplyDelete
  39. It’s amazing in support of me to truly have a blog site, which will be valuable meant for my knowledge. Thanks admin.
    payday lonas online

    ReplyDelete
  40. It’s amazing in support of me to truly have a blog site, which will be valuable meant for my knowledge. Thanks admin.
    visitor statistics

    ReplyDelete
  41. congratulations guys, quality information you have given!!! business intelligence products

    ReplyDelete
  42. Quality stuff may be the key to invite the users to visit begin to see the blog site, that’s what this site provides.
    infographic design

    ReplyDelete
  43. You guys out there are performing an enormous job.good infographics

    ReplyDelete
  44. I read this post fully concerning the difference of latest and former stuff, it is awesome article.
    infographic

    ReplyDelete
  45. I really enjoy reading and also appreciate your work. infographic design

    ReplyDelete
  46. I want more and more articles and blogs please post soon such informative information.
    pay day loans

    ReplyDelete
  47. I was searching for many blogs site and now finally I have got this cool place with lots of information. infographic

    ReplyDelete
  48. What a great blog it is!!! You are in truth on your way to colossal success. Well done.
    whole life insurance quotes

    ReplyDelete
  49. Nobody can reject the info you have given in the blogs, this is actually a great work.good infographics

    ReplyDelete
  50. This is really pretty cool place I like it because it has everything I want more on this blog soon. infographic

    ReplyDelete
  51. The blog is unique that’s providing the nice material. Please post more interesting articles here.
    car insurance quote

    ReplyDelete
  52. This text may be value everyone’s attention. How will I learn more? cheap car insurance

    ReplyDelete
  53. I sent your articles links to all my contacts and they all adore it including me.car insurance quotes

    ReplyDelete
  54. The blog is good enough I again n again read this. car insurance quotes

    ReplyDelete
  55. The deep you dig into the topic and endow with us the perfect knowledge is appreciable.
    Ivy League tutor

    ReplyDelete
  56. These blogs are quite incredible that have provided the best knowledge.
    solar panel cleaning

    ReplyDelete
  57. Stupendous blog you guys have provided there, I will absolutely valuate your effort.
    lol free rp codes

    ReplyDelete
  58. If you really desire to get such type of information, visit this blog quickly.
    pay advance loans

    ReplyDelete
  59. Hi to all, the blog has really the dreadful information I really enjoyed a lot.
    online cash advances

    ReplyDelete
  60. Continue the good work; keep posting more n more n more.
    lifeinsurance

    ReplyDelete
  61. This is one amongst the informative blogs that you shared with us.
    sky telephone number

    ReplyDelete
  62. Your blogs and its stuff magnetize me to return again n again. cash advance

    ReplyDelete
  63. Keep it up!! You have done the nice job having provided the latest information.http://bonville.org/

    ReplyDelete
  64. Waooow!! Nice blog, this will be greatly helpful.
    click here

    ReplyDelete
  65. Fascinating information I haven’t been experienced such information in quite a long time.
    graviola tree

    ReplyDelete
  66. This text may be value everyone’s attention. How will I learn more? NC payday advance

    ReplyDelete
  67. Each time I used to always check blog posts within the first hours in the break of day, because I like to get information increasingly more. comment pirater un compte facebook

    ReplyDelete
  68. congratulations guys, quality information you have given!!! comment pirater un compte facebook

    ReplyDelete
  69. congratulations guys, quality information you have given!!! lexington law reviews

    ReplyDelete
  70. Thanks friends, for providing such enlightening data.
    auto insurance

    ReplyDelete
  71. Your blogs and its stuff magnetize me to return again n again. on line pay day oans with no faxing

    ReplyDelete
  72. Nobody can reject the info you have given in the blogs, this is actually a great work.
    vietnam visa on arrival

    ReplyDelete
  73. Pretty remarkable post. I simply came across your blog and desired to say that I have really enjoyed searching your blog posts.click here

    ReplyDelete
  74. Fastidious blog you’ve got here. I’ve ever been seeing you just about many blogs recently.sewing kit

    ReplyDelete
  75. It's been good to see your blog when I always look for such type of blogs. It’s great to discover the post here.
    bubblegum casting

    ReplyDelete
  76. I don’t waste my free time that’s why I read the informative things when I got this blog I really enjoyed reading this.is bubblegum casting legitimate

    ReplyDelete
  77. congratulations guys, quality information you have given!!! http://www.epicfollowers.com

    ReplyDelete
  78. I read your blogs regularly. Your humoristic way is amusing, continue the good work! http://www.epicfollowers.com

    ReplyDelete
  79. Pretty remarkable post. I simply came across your blog and desired to say that I have really enjoyed searching your blog posts.

    central booking staten island

    ReplyDelete
  80. Your way to enlighten everything on this blog is actually pleasant, everyone manage to efficiently be familiar with it, Thanks a great deal.swiss replica watches

    ReplyDelete
  81. Your way to enlighten everything on this blog is actually pleasant, everyone manage to efficiently be familiar with it, Thanks a great deal. replica watches

    ReplyDelete
  82. Found your blog excessively interesting indeed. I really enjoyed studying it. queens dwi lawyer

    ReplyDelete
  83. I really enjoy reading and also appreciate your work. ny criminal defense lawyer

    ReplyDelete
  84. This info you provided in the blog that was really unique I love it!!! criminal lawyer ny

    ReplyDelete
  85. Hurrah, that’s what I was trying to get for, just what a stuff Presented at this blog!! Thanks admin of the site. 0green coffee bean extract

    ReplyDelete
  86. I am happy to see that you have provided such an incredible and impressive blog for us.

    free media player

    ReplyDelete
  87. Outstanding blog, in my opinion site owners should acquire a great deal out of this blog its very user welcoming.
    vietnam tour

    ReplyDelete
  88. The info you provided in the blog that was really unique I love it!!!
    vietnam tour

    ReplyDelete
  89. Amazing blogs you have guys!! Keeps the ball rolling…..vietnam holiday

    ReplyDelete
  90. Thanks for this post; it’s really amazing to read. bubblegum casting reviews

    ReplyDelete
  91. best credit repair servicesYour articles helped me more in all kind of topics.

    ReplyDelete
  92. The problem is that you provide may be worth our time and also effort.
    electrician brisbane

    ReplyDelete
  93. This matter is down to earth, hats off buds out there.
    central booking new york

    ReplyDelete
  94. Fantastic learning guys! I’m a die heart fan of your respective blog site.

    Learn About it

    ReplyDelete
  95. If truth be told informative and valuable detail is here.

    Discover More Here

    ReplyDelete
  96. Your articles and blogs are inspirational. his explanation

    ReplyDelete
  97. Many thanks! For sharing such type of blogs. That’s a great help of me. Hope you must keep on updating the latest posts…
    read more

    ReplyDelete
  98. Waooow!! Nice blog, this will be greatly helpful.

    best credit repair services

    ReplyDelete
  99. Really amazing blog, I’d love to discover some extra information.
    Learn About it

    ReplyDelete
  100. I have looked for so several posts about the blog lovers except this post is of course a nice one, keep on.

    payday loan

    ReplyDelete
  101. These are the great blogs; I assure you that I really enjoyed a lot in readingphlebotomist

    ReplyDelete
  102. Thanks for compiling such nicest information in your blogs. Articles are very informative and hope again I’ll find more like that.

    read more

    ReplyDelete
  103. I have looked for so several posts about the blog lovers except this post is of course a nice one, keep on.

    Best Electric Shaver For Men

    ReplyDelete
  104. The talent of collection the stuff that you are providing is so amazing.

    Philips Norelco 1250X/42 Review

    ReplyDelete
  105. Your articles are very well written and unique.
    Electric Shaver

    ReplyDelete
  106. If somebody wants expert take on the main topic of blogging next I advise him/her to go to this site, continue the fussy job. Philips Norelco 1160x Review

    ReplyDelete
  107. Continue the good work; keep posting more n more n more.diet tools

    ReplyDelete
  108. This is very essential blog; it helped me a lot whatever you have provided.
    credit repair companies

    ReplyDelete
  109. I am happy to see that you have provided such an incredible and impressive blog for us.

    best home security

    ReplyDelete
  110. These articles have got absolute sense devoid of confusing the readers.sky blue credit repair

    ReplyDelete
  111. Now this is in actual fact cooperative. It’s very openhanded of you to share this with us. increase facebook likes

    ReplyDelete
  112. Wasp dudes! Amazing stuff continues the good work. frontpoint reviews

    ReplyDelete
  113. frontpoint reviewYour work is totally enthusiastic and informative.

    ReplyDelete
  114. The vital information in this blogs has allured me.

    best home security

    ReplyDelete
  115. The information you have given in the blog really marvelous and more interesting. relegious

    ReplyDelete
  116. The deep you dig into the topic and endow with us the perfect knowledge is appreciable. compare auto insurance rates

    ReplyDelete
  117. If you really desire to get such type of information, visit this blog quickly. Panasonic Arc 3 ES-LT71-S Review

    ReplyDelete
  118. Bundles of thanks for providing such kind of blogs with the informative and impressive articles.Accident Claims No Win No Fee

    ReplyDelete
  119. This is an informative blog by which I have got that info which I really wanted to get. auto insurance rates

    ReplyDelete
  120. Hey to everyone, it’s my first visit of the blog site; this blog includes awesome and actually best info for the visitors.HoneyMoon in Morocco

    ReplyDelete
  121. This is an informative blog by which I have got that info which I really wanted to get. Designer sarees

    ReplyDelete
  122. I don’t waste my free time that’s why I read the informative things when I got this blog I really enjoyed reading this. user guides

    ReplyDelete
  123. The deep you dig into the topic and endow with us the perfect knowledge is appreciable. Philips Norelco AT830

    ReplyDelete
  124. I feel really finicky reading these articles I mean there are writers that can write reasonable stuff. Braun Series 7- 790cc

    ReplyDelete
  125. That's a great position you folks have been carrying out there. patterson eye doctors

    ReplyDelete
  126. Great blog you people have made here on this blog site, I will absolutely appreciate your work. credit repair companies

    ReplyDelete
  127. This blog Info is fabulous; I must wanna see best more from your writers. grandzamzam hotel

    ReplyDelete
  128. Your blogs are fantastic, useful and your articles are wonderful.
    lexington law review

    ReplyDelete
  129. top home security systems
    Thanks for compiling such nicest information in your blogs. Articles are very informative and hope again I’ll find more like that.

    ReplyDelete
  130. Top Rated Electric Shavers
    Awesome work! That is quite appreciated. I hope you’ll get more success.

    ReplyDelete
  131. Cosmetic Dentist reseda
    The individuals not reading your blogs stuff are missing out much qualitative contents.

    ReplyDelete